This course introduces students to the social reality of crime, criminal behavior, and law as each of these relates to the criminal justice system. Students examine the role of law enforcement, prosecution, defense, court system, corrections, and juvenile justice at various levels. Students are challenged to expand both their knowledge and appreciation of the criminal justice system through arranged visits to courts, detention facilities and working law enforcement agencies.
This course deals with everyday problems, situations and operations of the police department and the police officer. Included in the course is the study of many jobs and applications of duty in the police service. The course is a study of the patrol officer's function, with a background investigation of the total organization. The use of staff deployment, tactical operations, and the use of various equipment are discussed in some detail during the course with an emphasis on how operations and equipment are changing.
This course will focus on the recovery, documentation and laboratory analysis of physical evidence found at the scene of a crime. The course covers the principles of effective crime scene management as well as what information can be obtained from particular pieces of physical evidence as a result of laboratory study. The laboratory analysis of the following will be covered: glass, soil, organic and inorganic substances, hairs, fibers, paint, drugs, poison, arson and explosive evidence, serology, DNA, fingerprints, firearms, tool impressions, miscellaneous impressions, photography, document and voice examinations.
This course is designed to teach the background and current information regarding arrest, search and seizure. It explores the development of standards in this field, through constitutional law, state law, concepts and interpretation, limitations of police powers, probable cause, and the suppression hearing.
This course introduces the major theories of crime causation developed over the past two centuries. Explores the scope and nature of the current crime problem in the United States. Examines the characteristics of specific criminal behavior such as violent crime, property crime, organized crime, white-collar crime, and public order crime. Additionally, the course focuses on breaking down myths and stereotypes students may have formed about crime, and has them critically examine their own beliefs about crime.
Students will explore the movement of criminal defendants through the legal system in light of various clinical necessities, including but not limited to: Competencies to offer testimony, as well as to be sentenced and excused; jury selection; and the identification and evaluation of criminal suspects. Additionally, emphasis will be placed upon the psychology of victimization.
This course is intended to introduce and review the basic law enforcement skills of self defense and control. Specifically, students will learn and practice the important elements of establishing control of situations using verbal, nonverbal and physical techniques as complementary intervention options. Strategies to manage the initial encounter will be discussed in regard to proper stance, appropriate social distance, authoritative body language and the use of verbal diffusion. The physical element of encounters will be reviewed and practiced to provide the student with a practical knowledge of techniques including, but not limited to: deflection, strikes and counters, takedowns and ground control of a combative individual. The above skills will be expanded upon to provide the necessary understanding of other control systems such as proper use of handcuffs, baton and chemical products to establish control. The focus on practical skills will be reviewed within the context of the use of force continuum ranging from verbal redirection to deadly force.
This course is intended as a continuation of the psychological and physical applications of critical skills (police physical restraint and control). Through a series of steps, the student will reinforce the basics, enhance the flow of technique and finally though situational training strengthen and secure psychological and physical technique to specific calls and events. The focus on practical skills will be reviewed within the context of the use of force continuum ranging from verbal redirection to deadly force.
This course is intended to introduce and review motor vehicle law as relates to the enforcement of those statutes concerned with moving violations. The student will also be introduced to the principles and procedures of identification and investigation of motor vehicle infractions. Specifically, topics will be presented ranging from vehicle stops and pursuit driving to operating under the influence and traffic-related fatalities, including homicide. Students will gain in in-depth understanding of accident and hit-and-run investigation, as well as an overview of providing testimony in the courtroom. Each aspect of enforcement and investigation will thereby contribute to an appreciation of the complexities of police responsibilities regarding the monitoring and control of traffic movement.
This course is intended to introduce and review the basic principles of community policing strategies in contemporary society. The importance of enhanced law enforcement-community relationships will be discussed in relation to the benefits to the citizenry as well as enhanced relations with community stakeholders such as schools, businesses and religious institutions. Specifically, the student will be expected to gain an appreciation of the police officer as a community member who works collaboratively with private citizens to analyze, evaluate and respond to crime. This focus on cooperative problem-solving will be further explored in regard to how strategic partnerships between law enforcement and the community can positively impact criminal acts, fear of crime and social disorder.
This course will explore the First, Second, Fourth, Fifth, Sixth, Eighth and Fourteenth Amendments of the Constitution through reading of case law and real life examples. Students will understand the arguments that exist for persons involved in civil and criminal matters from the Constitution.
This course offers an in-depth familiarity with the key readings in the history and sociology of incarceration. Topics include: theories of incarceration, sentence determination, with emphasis on the controversy over the federal guidelines, history of our incarceration system, inmate and staff perspectives on incarceration, special category inmates such as mentally ill, rape victims, death row inmates, and juvenile offenders, the death penalty, and the community supervision movement. The course concludes with an examination of the new technologies of incarceration.
This course covers the institutional response to the problems of juvenile delinquency, juvenile misconduct and dependent/neglected and abused children. It emphasizes the police, court, and correctional agencies that process young people. In addition, it devotes attention to an understanding of the history of the system, recent legal developments, and an assessment of current proposals for reform.
This course will offer the student an examination of ethical systems as they relate to moral beliefs and professional behavior in law enforcement. Students will discuss how ideology and belief systems, whether liberal, moderate, or conservative affects criminal justice policy making and the day-to-day functioning of criminal justice agencies. As an exercise, students will apply ethical decision-making models to real world scenarios. Additionally, the course will include thirteen objectives that the student will be expected to master extending from a code of ethics for police to major rationales for punishment.
This course will focus on the investigative use of computer technologies and electronic records. Students will be exposed to "digital evidence" and the valuable information it can provide to investigators. The course will have a two-tier approach. (1) Students will be shown how to extract readily decipherable information from someone's computer such as looking for at their files or their browser history of web sites visited. Even if the information is password protected or has been deleted it might still be recoverable. (2) The course will examine criminals who use computers and the Internet to commit various crimes ranging from trying to lure children into chat rooms or face-to-face meetings to every sort of financial fraud. This course is intended to address a growing need in law enforcement.
This course is designed to teach students how to write police reports, search warrants and affidavits. Topics studied will include: the SEE method; legal concepts of reasonable articulable suspicion; probable cause to arrest; determination of custody for purposes of Miranda; and testifying effectively in court.
This course will focus on interviewing skills and techniques, both from a practical and legal perspective. Primary attention will be given to what needs to be done to satisfy the legal standards of voluntariness of admissions and confessions. Fifth and Sixth Amendment law will be thoroughly reviewed and discussed. The course will prepare students to conduct effective interrogations, and document the interrogation in a manner that will withstand later legal challenges.
This course covers both private and public investigations as well as the practice and application to criminal investigations. It stresses the professionalism and modern investigation tools as it covers established investigation policies, procedures, and techniques for the law enforcement officer. Recent court cases and investigations are integrated throughout the course to update the students on significant happenings throughout the world.
This course is intended to introduce and review the basic theoretical, cultural and practical applications of criminal justice systems in other parts of the world. American criminal law and procedure will be discussed to provide a comparative reference point for the variations in systems and practices across differing cultures in other nations. Additionally, the course will provide students with an understanding of the roles of social control mechanisms such as police, judiciary and correctional institutions outside of the U.S.
This course will present the basic principles of the law of evidence as expressed in the Federal Rules of Evidence and the Maine Rules of Evidence. The student will develop the ability to read and apply a rule of evidence to specific information and circumstances. An emphasis will be placed on learning how the Federal & Maine Rules of Evidence effect trial preparation, negotiation, and trial. Participatory role play and discussion of hypothetical situations will constitute a significant part of the learning experience.